Ascended Masters, in various descendants and offshoots of Theosophy,
are held to be a group of spiritually-enlightened beings, who in
past incarnations were ordinary humans, but who have undergone a
process of spiritual transformation. The term "Ascended Master" was
first introduced to the public in 1934 with the publication of
Unveiled Mysteries by Guy Ballard's "I AM" Activity. This term was
further popularized by The Bridge to Freedom (1951), The Summit
Lighthouse (1958), The Temple of The Presence (1995), and various
Beliefs about Ascended Masters
Originally presented by H. P. Blavatsky in the 1870s, the "Masters
of Wisdom", "Mahatmas" or "Elder Brothers" were further
developed by C. W. Leadbeater, Alice Bailey, Helena Roerich, Manly
P. Hall, and many others in Theosophy based organizations,
especially in the United States. They believe that Ascended Masters
are individuals who were formerly embodied on the Earth and learned
the lessons of life during their incarnations. They gained mastery
over the limitations of the matter planes, balanced at least 51% of
negative karma, and fulfilled their Dharma (Divine Plan). An
Ascended Master, in such an understanding, has become God-like and a
source of unconditional Love to all life, and through the Ascension
has united with his or her own God Self, the "I AM" Presence.
It is further claimed by various groups and teachers that the
Ascended Masters serve as the teachers of mankind from the realms of
Spirit, and that all people will eventually attain their Ascension
and move forward in spiritual evolution beyond this planet.
According to these teachings, they remain attentive to the spiritual
needs of humanity, and act to inspire and motivate its spiritual
growth. In many traditions and organizations, they are considered
part of the Spiritual Hierarchy for Earth, and members of the Great
Brotherhood of Light, also known as the Great White Lodge or Great
Esotericism is defined as the belief that secret societies and
Mystery Schools possess advanced spiritual knowledge. Such beliefs
are extremely ancient. This idea was re-introduced in the West
by the Rosicrucians in the seventeenth century.
The founder of the Theosophical Society, H. P. Blavatsky, in the
late nineteenth century brought attention to the idea of secret
initiatory knowledge, by claiming her ideas were based on traditions
transmitted to her by occult means from a group of highly evolved
humans which she called the Mahatmas or Masters. These Mahatmas, she
claimed, were physical beings living in the Himalayas, usually
understood as Tibet.
".. they are living men, born as we are born, and doomed to die like
every mortal. We call them “masters” because they are our teachers;
and because from them we have derived all the Theosophical truths...
They are men of great learning, whom we call Initiates, and still
greater holiness of life."
While some of her critics believe the Masters are pure fantasy,
other writers suggest that her changing stories were meant to hide
the identities of real human teachers guiding her work. In assessing
the veracity of Blavatsky's claim regarding the existence of these
Masters, it is worth noting that at least twenty-five other people
left a written account of having met the Mahatmas themselves during
Blavatsky's lifetime. Blavatsky claimed that she personally met
numerous Masters on countless occasions, and was also the guest of
the Master Koot Hoomi (Kuthumi) while visiting the "Little Tibet"
region of Kashmir.
After Madame Blavatsky's death in 1891, the Mahatma concept was
developed by her successors in the Theosophical Society leadership,
Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater, who described the Masters in
great detail and added Jesus to their number. In Leadbeater's book,
The Masters and the Path (1925), the Masters are presented as
ageless and superphysical, albeit still limited by human bodies.
Other branches of theosophy developed the theory slightly
differently, notably Alice Bailey from whose book Initiation, Human
and Solar (1922), Leadbeater may have borrowed some of his details.
Comparison of unascended and
There is considerable difference between the concept of Masters in
nineteenth century Theosophy (as described by Blavatsky, Olcott,
Sinnett, and others) and the current concept of Ascended Masters.
The believers in "Immortal Saints and Sages" claim that these
individuals have gone through the Initiations of the
Transfiguration, Resurrection, and the Ascension to become "Ascended
Masters". The twentieth century teachings of the Ballards, Prophets,
and others claim that although Morya and Koot Hoomi (Kuthumi) were
Adepts and Masters of the lower matter planes and the elemental
forces of nature, they had not become Ascended Masters until 1898,
while Serapis and the Maha Chohan, who were interacting with
Theosophists during Blavatsky's time, already were Ascended Masters.
An unascended Master has, according to these later teachings,
overcome the limitations of the lower matter octaves (physical,
emotional, mental), yet has chosen to postpone the final Initiation
of the Ascension to remain in time and space to externalize and
focus the Consciousness of God for the evolutions of the Earth. If a
person takes a Bodhisattva vow, that one may choose to remain with
the humanity of this Earth as an unascended Master in one of the
lower Spirit/Matter Octaves, as was the case with Babaji. It
is believed by proponents of these beliefs that if enough mastery
and externalization of the Divine Nature has been developed, such an
Adept becomes an Initiate of one of the Brotherhoods or Sisterhoods
of Light under the auspices of the Great White Brotherhood. It
is claimed that there can be a high degree of attainment within the
lower body vehicles of expression (physical, emotional, mental,
memory), yet that Adept may still not be Ascended (not primarily
expressing through the Higher Bodies).
One such teaching claims that examples of unascended Masters are:
Yogananda, Mataji, and Lao-tzu. The belief is that they have
un-Ascended bodies that are not flesh and blood of the lowest of the
sub-plane substance of the physical octave, but of the "finer
matter" that composes the upper etheric sub-planes of the physical
octave, as well as the emotional (astral) octave, and the mental
The Great White Brotherhood
In some versions of the Theosophical belief systems, the Masters are
collectively called the "Great White Brotherhood". The use of the
term "white" refers to their advanced spirituality (i.e., that they
have a white colored aura) and has nothing to do with race. The
early versions of Blavatsky's writings described the Masters as
ethnically Tibetan or Indian (Hindu), not European. One author
claims that his research indicates that the descriptions and names
used by Blavatsky for her teachers were intended to hide their real
identities, some of whom were allegedly well known Indian rulers and
influential people of her time.
Belief in the Brotherhood and the Masters is an essential part of
the syncretistic teachings of various organizations that have
continued and expanded the Theosophical philosophical concepts.
Examples of those believed to be Ascended Masters are Jesus,
Confucius, Gautama Buddha, Mary the Mother of Jesus, Pope John Paul
II, Kwan Yin the compassionate Bodhisattva, as well as alchemist
Comte de Saint-Germain, Vaivasvata Manu and Kuthumi, (one of Helena
Blavatsky's "Mahatmas"). It is believed that all of these put aside
any differences they might have had in their Earthly careers, and
unite instead to advance the spiritual well-being of humanity.